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Distortion effect in optical proximity corrected (OPC) masks on wafer level image has been investigated using combined simulation of photomask patterning process and projection optical lithography. Unlike the previous simulation of optical proximity effect, which were based on ideal mask designs, the simulation presented in this paper is based on distorted mask features. The mask feature distortion comes from simulation of electron beam lithography or laser scanning lithography. Proximity effects in e-beam lithography or laser direct write has been taken into account for the generation of mask features. The simulation has demonstrated that the OPC compensation features are significantly distorted at mask level. Such distortions have noticeable impact on the wafer level resist images.

Original publication




Journal article


Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

Publication Date





347 - 353