Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVES: YKL-40, a growth factor of connective tissue cells, is elevated in sera from patients with diseases characterized by inflammation, tissue remodelling, or fibrosis. The aim of the study was to determine serum YKL-40 levels in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to explore any possible clinical and prognostic associations. METHODS: YKL-40 was measured in sera from 88 patients with SSc (26 with diffuse and 62 with limited skin involvement) and in sera from 88 matched healthy controls. Immunohistochemical staining for YKL-40 antigen was performed in a biopsy from a patient with pulmonary SSc. RESULTS: Serum YKL-40 levels of the SSc patients were significantly higher than those of the controls (p<0.00001). Patients with pulmonary fibrosis by chest X-ray, obstructive ventilatory pattern, reduced diffusing capacity (DLco), and digital joint deformity due to skin retraction had significantly higher serum YKL-40 compared with patients without these findings. Patients with elevated serum YKL-40 had shorter survival times than patients with normal serum YKL-40 (p = 0.0005), although this was not independent of age and pulmonary function. YKL-40 protein expression was found in inflammatory cells in fibrosing pulmonary tissue from a patient with SSc. CONCLUSIONS: Serum YKL-40 is elevated in patients with SSc with pulmonary involvement.

Original publication




Journal article


Scand J Rheumatol

Publication Date





293 - 297


Adipokines, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Biomarkers, Case-Control Studies, Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1, Cohort Studies, Disease Progression, Female, Glycoproteins, Humans, Lectins, Male, Middle Aged, Probability, Prognosis, Proportional Hazards Models, Pulmonary Fibrosis, Reference Values, Respiratory Function Tests, Risk Assessment, Scleroderma, Systemic, Sensitivity and Specificity, Severity of Illness Index, Sex Factors, Statistics, Nonparametric, Survival Analysis