Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: The growing number of clinical trials currently underway for inherited retinal diseases has highlighted the importance of achieving a molecular diagnosis for all new cases presenting to hospital eye services. The male germ cell-associated kinase (MAK) gene encodes a cilium-associated protein selectively expressed in the retina and testis, and has recently been implicated in autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Whole exome sequencing has previously identified a homozygous Alu insertion in probands with recessive RP and nonsense and missense mutations have also been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here we describe two novel mutations in different alleles of the MAK gene in a 75-year-old British female, who had a clinical diagnosis of RP () with onset in the fourth decade and no relevant family history. The mutations were established through next generation sequencing of a panel of 111 genes associated with RP and RP-like phenotypes. RESULTS: Two novel null mutations were identified within the MAK gene. The first c.1195_1196delAC p.(Thr399fs), was a two base-pair deletion creating a frame-shift in exon 9 predicted to result in nonsense-mediated decay. The second, c.279-2A>G, involved the splice acceptor consensus site upstream of exon 4, predicted to lead to aberrant splicing. CONCLUSIONS: The natural history of this individual's RP is consistent with previously described MAK mutations, being significantly milder than that associated with other photoreceptor ciliopathies. We suggest inclusion of MAK as part of wider genetic testing in all individuals presenting with RP.

Original publication




Journal article


Ophthalmic Genet

Publication Date





508 - 511


Autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa, MAK gene, compound heterozygote, Aged, Alleles, Disease Progression, Exons, Female, Fluorescein Angiography, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, Mutation, Pedigree, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, RNA Splice Sites, Retinitis Pigmentosa