RB regulates the stability and the apoptotic function of p53 via MDM2.
Hsieh JK., Chan FS., O'Connor DJ., Mittnacht S., Zhong S., Lu X.
The binding of RB to MDM2 is shown to be essential for RB to overcome both the antiapoptotic function of MDM2 and the MDM2-dependent degradation of p53. The RB-MDM2 interaction does not prevent MDM2 from inhibiting p53-dependent transcription, but the RB-MDM2 complex still binds to p53. Since RB specifically rescues the apoptotic function but not the transcriptional activity of p53 from negative regulation by MDM2, transactivation by wild-type p53 is not required for the apoptotic function of p53. However, an RB-MDM2-p53 trimeric complex is active in p53-mediated transrepression. These data link directly the function of two tumor suppressor proteins and demonstrate a novel role of RB in regulating the apoptotic function of p53.