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INTRODUCTION:Three-dimensional (3D) collagen scaffold models, due to their ability to mimic the tissue and organ structure in vivo, have received increasing interest in drug discovery and toxicity evaluation. METHODS:In this study, we developed a perfused 3D model and studied cellular response to cytotoxic drugs in comparison with traditional 2D cell cultures as evaluated by cancer drug cisplatin. RESULTS:Cancer cells grown in perfused 3D environments showed increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production compared to the 2D culture. As determined by growth analysis, cells in the 3D culture, after forming a spheroid, were more resistant to the cancer drug cisplatin compared to that of the 2D cell culture. In addition, 3D culturing cells showed elevated level of ROS, indicating a physiological change or the formation of a microenvironment that resembles tumor cells in vivo. CONCLUSIONS:These data revealed that cellular response to drugs for cells growing in 3D environments are dramatically different from that of 2D cultured cells. Thus, the perfused 3D collagen scaffold model we report here might be a potentially very useful tool for drug analysis.

Original publication




Journal article


Journal of applied biomaterials & functional materials

Publication Date





144 - 150


1 College of Biotechnology, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, China.


Cell Line, Tumor, Humans, Cisplatin, Reactive Oxygen Species, Collagen, Antineoplastic Agents, Microscopy, Electron, Scanning, Cell Culture Techniques, Cell Proliferation