Effect of protocatechuic acid from Alpinia oxyphylla on proliferation of human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells in vitro.
Wang H., Liu T-Q., Zhu Y-X., Guan S., Ma X-H., Cui Z-F.
The effect of protocatechuic acid (PCA) from Alpinia oxyphylla and catapol from Rehmannia on the proliferation capacity of human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (hADSCs) was investigated in vitro. Cell counts showed that treatment of hADSCs with PCA for 48 h increased the cell number in a dose-dependent manner, while no obvious effect of catapol on the proliferation of hADSCs was observed. In addition, the cell number of hADSCs treated by 1.5 mM PCA increased in a time-dependent manner. The flow cytometric analysis of DNA content demonstrated the cell cycle progress from the G0/G1 phase to the S phase. Western blot analysis revealed the elevated expression of cyclin D1 in hADSCs induced by PCA treatment. Cyclin D1-siRNA transfection significantly inhibit the promotion of cell proliferation by PCA. Furthermore, the flow cytometric analysis of the cell surface antigens and the multidifferential potential tests of PCA-treated hADSCs showed that the cells retained their functional characteristics of multipotential mesenchymal progenitors. It is concluded that PCA can effectively up-regulate the proliferation of hADSCs.