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© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The incorporation of alkoxy ligands within a range of alkoxyfluoroboranes and dialkoxyfluoroboranes results in fluoroborane reagents with attenuated Lewis acidity and increased ability to donate fluoride ion(s) when compared to boron trifluoride itself. Pinacolatoboron fluoride (pinBF), prepared in situ from BF<inf>3</inf>·OEt<inf>2</inf> and bis(O-trimethylsilyl)pinacol, has been identified as an efficient fluoride donor which allows highly stereoselective S<inf>N</inf>1-type epoxide ring-opening (with retention of configuration) of a range of trans-β-methyl-substituted aryl epoxides to give the corresponding syn-fluorohydrins. The substrate scope of this transformation is more broad than the analogous protocol using boron trifluoride alone.

Original publication




Journal article


Tetrahedron Letters

Publication Date





3373 - 3377