Asymmetric syntheses of (-)-3-epi-Fagomine, (2R,3S,4R)-dihydroxypipecolic acid, and several polyhydroxylated homopipecolic acids.
Csatayová K., Davies SG., Fletcher AM., Ford JG., Klauber DJ., Roberts PM., Thomson JE.
A range of enantiopure polyhydroxylated piperidines, including (2R,3S,4R)-dihydroxypipecolic acid, (-)-3-epi-fagomine, (2S,3S,4R)-dihydroxyhomopipecolic acid, (2S,3R,4R)-dihydroxyhomopipecolic acid, and two trihydroxy-substituted homopipecolic acids, have been prepared using diastereoselective olefinic oxidations of a range of enantiopure tetrahydropyridines as the key step. The requisite substrates were readily prepared from tert-butyl sorbate using our diastereoselective hydroamination or aminohydroxylation protocols followed by ring-closing metathesis. After diastereoselective olefinic oxidation of the resultant enantiopure tetrahydropyridines and deprotection, enantiopure polyhydroxylated piperidines were isolated as single diastereoisomers (>99:1 dr) in good overall yield.