Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We have ligated two cosmids through an oligonucleotide linker to produce a single fragment spanning 70 kb of the human alpha-globin cluster, in which the alpha-like globin genes (zeta 2, alpha 2 and alpha 1), their regulatory element (HS-40) and erythroid-specific DNase I hypersensitive sites accurately retain their normal genomic organization. The zeta (embryonic) and alpha (embryonic, fetal and adult) globin genes were expressed in all 17 transgenic embryos. Similarly, all fetal and adult mice from seven transgenic lines that contained one or more copies of the fragment, produced up to 66% of the level of endogenous mouse alpha-globin mRNA. However, as for smaller constructs containing these elements, human alpha-globin expression was not copy number dependent and decreased by 1.5-9.0 fold during development. These findings suggest that either it is not possible to obtain full regulation of human alpha-globin expression in transgenic mice or, more likely, that additional alpha-globin regulatory elements lie beyond the 70 kb segment of DNA analysed.


Journal article


Nucleic Acids Res

Publication Date





4139 - 4147


Animal Base Sequence Chromatin/chemistry Cosmids DNA/chemistry/*metabolism Deoxyribonuclease EcoRI Gene Expression Gene Expression Regulation Globins/*genetics Human Mice Mice, Inbred CBA Mice, Transgenic Molecular Sequence Data RNA, Messenger/metabolism *Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid Support, Non-U.S. Gov't