Absolute configuration assignment by asymmetric syntheses of the homalium alkaloids (-)-(R,R,R)-hoprominol and (-)-(4'S,4″R,2‴R)-hopromalinol.
Davies SG., Lee JA., Roberts PM., Stonehouse JP., Thomson JE.
The conjugate addition of lithium (R)-N-(3-chloropropyl)-N-(α-methylbenzyl)amide to α,β-unsaturated esters was used as the key step in the syntheses of all possible diastereoisomers of the homalium alkaloids hoprominol and hopromalinol. Comparison of the specific rotation data for these synthetic samples with those of samples isolated from the natural source enabled the absolute configurations within these alkaloids to be confidently assigned for the first time as (-)-(R,R,R)-hoprominol and (-)-(4'S,4″R,2‴R)-hopromalinol. The asymmetric syntheses of (-)-(R,R,R)-hoprominol (in 10 steps and 4.0% overall yield) and (-)-(4'S,4″R,2‴R)-hopromalinol (in 10 steps and 9.3% overall yield), from commercially available starting materials in each case, therefore represent the first total asymmetric syntheses of these alkaloids to be reported.