Asymmetric synthesis of anti-α-alkyl-β-amino acids
Davies SG., Walters IAS.
An investigation into the asymmetric induction accompanying alkylations of enolates derived from the highly diastereoselective conjugate addition of lithium (R)-N-benzyl-N-α-methylbenzylamide (R)-1 to crotonate and cinnamate esters has been performed. The access to different enolate geometries afforded by the conjugate addition process and subsequent enolate regeneration by deprotonation of the β-amino ester conjugate adducts enabled two disparate sets of selectivity data to be compiled. Although both approaches furnished predominantly anti-α-alkyl-β-amino esters, the two-step procedure proved to be considerably more selective. Several factors which play a major role in determining the alkylation selectivity are identified, including the cooperative influence of the α-methylbenzylamino stereocentre. Since debenzylation and hydrolysis of the alkylated products was straightforward, this methodology provides a direct route to anti-α-alkyl-β-amino acids in homochiral form.