Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: It is widely believed that Thl cells that secrete interferon-gamma are primarily involved in the rejection of allografts whereas Th2 cells [interleukin(IL) 4 and IL-10] are thought to be protective of this process. However, the exact role and specificity of these helper T lymphocytes in mediating allograft damage is presently unknown. METHODS: Th0, Th1, and Th2 cell lines specific for the class II MHC molecule H2IAb were adoptively transferred into T cell deficient, syngeneic, diabetic mice before transplantation of fully allogeneic C57BL/10 (H2b) or (CBKxBALB/c)F1 (H2k/d+Kb) islet grafts. T cells were 5-(and-6-)-carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester- (CFSE) labeled to allow detection, immunohistochemistry was performed, and IL-4 transcripts within the rejected islet grafts were quantified by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: Adoptive transfer (IV) of Th0-, Th1-, and Th2 IAb-specific T cells resulted in rejection of H2b islet allografts. CFSE-labeling demonstrated that these T cells were able to home to the graft site. CD4+ T cells and CD11b+ macrophages were present within the graft after adoptive transfer of both Thl and Th2 cells. Interestingly, CD8+ T cells and B cells were absent from these rejecting grafts. Even when Th2 cells were introduced directly at the graft site, prompt rejection was still observed despite the presence of increased IL-4 mRNA expression within the islet allografts. CONCLUSIONS: Th2 and Th0 alloreactive CD4+ T helper cells can reject islet grafts with similar efficiency to Th1 cells. These results suggest that deviation of the immune response from a Th1 to Th2 phenotype will not be sufficient to allow successful engraftment of allogeneic organs or tissues.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





1641 - 1649


Animals, CD4 Antigens, Cytokines, Graft Rejection, Interleukin-4, Islets of Langerhans Transplantation, Isoantigens, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred CBA, Phenotype, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Th1 Cells, Th2 Cells, Transplantation, Homologous