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Fenfluramine, m-chlorophenylpiperazine (m-CPP), 1-phenylpiperazine, and the buspirone metabolite, 1-(2-pyrimidyl)piperazine given intravenously to adult rhesus monkeys regularly elicited penile erections. In contrast, serotonin (5-HT) agonists with 5-HT1A site specificity (8-OH-DPAT, buspirone) as well as trazodone, ritanserin, and metergoline were no different from saline in producing penile erections. Fenfluramine's effects were blocked by the 5-HT2 antagonists, ritanserin and metergoline, while m-CPP's effects were not blocked by the peripheral 5-HT antagonist, xylamidine, indicating that tumescence can be elicited by serotonergic agents which act at non-5-HT1A sites in the central nervous system.

Original publication




Journal article


Life Sci

Publication Date





1297 - 1303


Animals, Behavior, Animal, Fenfluramine, Macaca, Macaca mulatta, Male, Penile Erection, Piperazines, Receptors, Serotonin