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The chiral iron acetyl complexes [Fe(CO)(η5-C 5H5)(L)COCH3] [L = PPh3, P(p-tolyl)3] have been kinetically resolved via aldol reactions involving their derived lithium enolates and camphor in the presence of lithium chloride. With (1R)-(+)-camphor the faster reacting iron acetyl enantiomer had the (S)-configuration allowing the (R)-iron acetyls to be obtained after recovery of starting material and crystallisation. The corresponding (S)-iron acetyls can be obtained by a base-promoted reverse aldol reaction of the isolated products. A mechanistic rationale for the high enantiomeric discrimination is proposed which involves a chelation-controlled chair transition state with a disfavourable 1 -methyl to cyclopentadienyl interaction in the mismatched pairing.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1

Publication Date

01/12/1994

Pages

933 - 941