Asymmetric synthesis of β-amino-α-hydroxy acids via diastereoselective hydroxylation of homochiral β-amino enolates
Bunnage ME., Chernega AN., Davies SG., Goodwin CJ.
The highly diastereoselective conjugate addition of lithium N-benzyl-N-α-methylbenzylamide with enoate acceptors, and the electrophilic hydroxylation of the resultant β-amino enolates with (camphorsulfonyl)oxaziridine, is identified as a direct and general strategy for the asymmetric synthesis of homochiral β-amino-α-hydroxy acids and their derivatives. A structurally diverse array of β-amino enolate substrates can be hydroxylated with generally excellent anti diastereoselectivity (>90% d.e.) using this protocol; an alternative stepwise hydroxylation procedure, where the β-amino enolate is prepared by enolisation of the preformed conjugate adduct is also found to lead to formation of the anti diastereoisomer. The diastereofacial selectivity of enolate hydroxylation appears to be under predominantly substrate-controlled asymmetric induction, although a measurable degree of chirality recognition with the oxaziridine reagent can be observed. Homochiral β-amino-α-keto esters are also prepared and their stereoselective reductions examined.