Alkylation and aldol reactions of acyl derivatives of N-1-(1′-naphthyl)ethyl-O-tert-butylhydroxylamine: asymmetric synthesis of α-alkoxy-, α-substituted-β-alkoxy- and α,β-dialkoxyaldehydes
Chernega AN., Davies SG., Fletcher AM., Goodwin CJ., Hepworth D., Prasad RS., Roberts PM., Savory ED., Smith AD., Thomson JE.
Treatment of a range of O-protected glycolate derivatives of the chiral auxiliary N-1-(1′-naphthyl)ethyl-O-tert-butylhydroxylamine with KHMDS in the presence of 18-crown-6 followed by addition of an alkyl halide generates α-substituted derivatives with very high levels of diastereoselectivity. Alternatively, reaction of the potassium enolate of a propanoate or O-protected glycolate derivative of N-1-(1′-naphthyl)ethyl-O-tert-butylhydroxylamine with a range of aldehydes gives syn-aldol products with high levels of diastereoselectivity. These adducts may be reductively cleaved with LiAlH4 to give enantiopure α-alkoxy-, α-substituted-β-alkoxy- and α,β-dialkoxyaldehydes in good yield. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.