Oxidative functionalisation of superquat enamides: Asymmetric synthesis of homochiral 1,2 diols
Davies SG., Key MS., Rodriguez-Solla H., Sanganee HJ., Savory ED., Smith AD.
Homochiral (E)-enamides derived from (S)-4-phenyl-5,5-dimethyl-oxazolidin-2-one undergo highly diastereoselective epoxidation upon treatment with dimethyldioxirane (DMDO). Treatment with m-chloroperbenzoic acid (MCPBA) produces syn-(4S, 1′R,2′)-1′ -acyloxy-2′-hydroxy derivatives with high diastereoselectivity, consistent with a mechanism involving initial epoxidation and subsequent in situ SN1 type epoxide opening and trapping with m-chlorobenzoic acid. Reductive cleavage of the isolated 1′-acyloxy-2′-hydroxy derivatives generates 1,2-diols in high yields and in high ee.