Focal and Diffuse Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy Treated With Half-Dose Photodynamic Therapy or Subthreshold Micropulse Laser: PLACE Trial Report No. 3.
van Rijssen TJ., van Dijk EHC., Scholz P., Breukink MB., Blanco-Garavito R., Souied EH., Keunen JEE., MacLaren RE., Querques G., Fauser S., Downes SM., Hoyng CB., Boon CJF.
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome between high-density subthreshold micropulse laser (HSML) treatment and half-dose photodynamic therapy (PDT) in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (cCSC) patients, subdivided based on either focal or diffuse leakage on fluorescein angiography (FA). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of multicenter randomized controlled trial data. METHODS: Patients were treated with either half-dose PDT or HSML (both indocyanine green angiography-guided) and categorized in 2 groups, based on focal or diffuse leakage on FA. Clinical outcomes were evaluated at baseline and during follow-up. RESULTS: In the focal leakage group (63 patients), both at first evaluation and at final visit, more PDT-treated than HSML-treated patients demonstrated a resolution of subretinal fluid (evaluation visit 1: 57% in the PDT group and 17% in the HSML group, P = .007; final visit: 75% and 38%, P = .012). In the diffuse leakage group (93 patients), both at first evaluation and at final visit, more PDT-treated than HSML-treated patients showed a resolution of subretinal fluid (evaluation visit: 1:48% in the PDT group and 16% in the HSML group, P = .002; final visit: 67% and 21%, P = .002). PDT-treated patients in the focal and diffuse leakage group had a higher retinal sensitivity increase, comparing baseline and final visit (+3.1 ± 3.1 dB vs +1.2 ± 4.0 dB, P = .048, and +2.7 ± 3.3 dB vs +1.0 ± 3.8 dB, P = .036, respectively). Only in the diffuse leakage group, the increase in ETDRS letters was higher in the PDT-treated group when comparing baseline and first evaluation visit (+4.4 ± 6.1 vs +0.9 ± 10.0, P = .049). CONCLUSIONS: Half-dose PDT is superior to HSML treatment in cCSC patients, regardless of the presence of focal or diffuse leakage on FA.