Monoclonal antibody assay of serum placental alkaline phosphatase in the monitoring of testicular tumours.
Epenetos AA., Munro AJ., Tucker DF., Gregory W., Duncan W., MacDougall RH., Faux M., Travers P., Bodmer WF.
A monoclonal antibody (H17E2) recognising both placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) and testicular PLAP-like alkaline phosphatase was incorporated in a solid phase immunoassay. This was used to measure levels of PLAP in 257 sera from 148 patients with germ cell neoplasms of the testis. High levels of PLAP were found in all patients with active seminomas (mean 0.85 O.D.) compared to those in clinical remission (mean 0.20 O.D.) (P less than 0.0001). More importantly, changing levels of PLAP correlated with the course of disease in 79 samples from 33 patients with seminoma (P less than 0.0001). Elevated PLAP levels were also noted in patients in remission who were smokers (mean 0.32 O.D.) compared to non-smokers (mean 0.15 O.D.) (P less than 0.001). These data demonstrate that determination of PLAP levels using this sensitive immunoassay is an important new adjunct in the monitoring of the response to treatment in patients with seminoma.