Asymmetric synthesis and applications of beta-amino Weinreb amides: asymmetric synthesis of (S)-coniine.
Burke AJ., Davies SG., Garner AC., McCarthy TD., Roberts PM., Smith AD., Rodriguez-Solla H., Vickers RJ.
Conjugate addition of lithium (S)-N-benzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylamide to a range of alpha, beta-unsaturated Weinreb amides proceeds with high levels of diastereoselectivity (>95% de). The beta-amino Weinreb amide products may be transformed into beta-amino ketones via reactions with Grignard reagents, while treatment with DIBAL-H furnishes beta-amino aldehydes. Trapping of the aldehyde via Wadsworth-Emmons reaction and subsequent manipulation offers an efficient route to homochiral delta-amino acid derivatives and 2-substituted piperidines. The application of this methodology for the synthesis of (S)-coniine is demonstrated.