Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

If the ureter becomes blocked, the resultant increased pressure may be relieved by inserting a double-J stent (a polymer tube, usually punctuated with holes). A major clinical problem associated with stent use is reflux (retrograde flow of urine from the bladder to the kidney), which may result in infections, scarring, and even renal failure. We develop a mathematical model, treating the ureter as an elastic tube and the stent as a permeable rigid tube within it. We investigate how the number of holes in the stent wall affects the total amount of reflux that occurs when bladder pressure rises, by considering the limits of a highly-permeable stent, and an impermeable stent. We find that, in the scenarios we consider, the highly-permeable stent gives rise to less total reflux than the impermeable one.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00285-003-0252-4

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Math Biol

Publication Date

07/2004

Volume

49

Pages

56 - 82

Keywords

Humans, Models, Biological, Stents, Ureter, Urination