Outcomes following cataract surgery in choroideremia.
Edwards TL., Groppe M., MacLaren RE.
PurposeTo present a case series of cataract surgery outcomes in choroideremia eyes with an emphasis on the safety of this common operation in advanced stages of the disease.MethodsA single centre retrospective interventional case series comprising six patients with varying degrees of visual loss secondary to choroideremia underwent cataract surgery at a single tertiary eye hospital. Pre- and post-operative best-corrected Snellen visual acuity, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and slit lamp examination were performed together with fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and colour fundus photographs.The prevalence of intra- or post-operative complications, post-operative visual outcome, and change in central macular thickness were recorded.ResultsThe pre-operative best-corrected Snellen visual acuity in the operated eyes ranged from 6/12 (20/40) to PL. All but one patient had either an objective or a subjective improvement in visual acuity. There was no evidence of retinal phototoxicity or post-operative cystoid macular oedema (CMO). Three patients developed early capsular fibrosis.ConclusionsAlthough the residual functioning retina in choroideremia patients may be potentially vulnerable, this report finds no evidence of iatrogenic vision loss after uncomplicated cataract surgery. This suggests that cataract surgery may be performed safely in choroideremia patients, although a guarded prognosis for visual improvement should be emphasized in the informed consent.