Kinetic resolution and parallel kinetic resolution of methyl (+/-)-5-alkyl-cyclopentene-1-carboxylates for the asymmetric synthesis of 5-alkyl-cispentacin derivatives.
Davies SG., Garner AC., Long MJC., Morrison RM., Roberts PM., Savory ED., Smith AD., Sweet MJ., Withey JM.
Conjugate addition of lithium dibenzylamide to methyl 5-isopropyl, 5-phenyl- and 5-tert-butyl-cyclopentene-1-carboxylates occurs with high levels of substrate control (>88% de), with preferential addition to the face of the cyclic alpha,beta-unsaturated acceptor anti- to the stereodirecting 5-alkyl substituent. Treatment of a range of methyl (+/-)-5-alkyl-cyclopentene-1-carboxylates with both lithium (+/-)-N-benzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylamide and lithium (+/-)-N-3,4-dimethoxybenzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylamide indicates significant enantiorecognition in their mutual kinetic resolutions, with preferential addition anti- to the 5-alkyl substituent, giving the 1,2-syn-1,5-anti-arrangement (E >16) after enolate protonation anti- to the amino functionality. The kinetic resolution of a range of methyl (+/-)-5-alkyl-cyclopentene-1-carboxylates with lithium (S)-N-benzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylamide, and their efficient parallel kinetic resolution with a pseudoenantiomeric mixture of lithium (S)-N-benzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylamide and lithium (R)-N-3,4-dimethoxybenzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylamide are also demonstrated, giving a range of 5-alkyl-cispentacin derivatives in >98% de and high ee after N-deprotection.